Infectious Disease

Incidence of Antimicrobial Resistance in Rural India

Faculty Mentor’s Name: Dr. Gautam Kalyatanda
Email: gautam.kalyatanda@medicine.ufl.edu
Phone Number: (631) 681-6888
Project Category: Clinical
International Component or Travel: Yes
International Component Details: Bangalore, Mysore in Karnataka, India June/July 2021 Will be helped by collaborators at the centers.

Research Project Description:
Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a global threat to the treatment of infectious conditions and public health. Resistance increases morbidity, mortality, transmission, health care costs and requires the use of antibiotics of “last resort” that often times are more expensive, have more side effects and may not even be available in some lower/middle-income countries. Although there are studies from tertiary centers about antimicrobial use and resistance, little is known about AMR in rural parts of the country.

Hypothesis: Although antimicrobial use is low in public rural health centers in India; the use of antimicrobial agents in animal husbandry, agriculture and the indiscriminate use of antibiotics by private physicians may be contributing to significant resistance in the population.

Methods: The study center will involve primary health care centers that are managed by Karuna trust. Retrospective study. We will collect culture and sensitivity data from patients who had either a positive urinary and blood culture.

Role of medical student: Collecting data. Helping with statistical analysis. Writing the paper.

Review of Non Tuberculous Mycobacteria at the University of Florida

Faculty Mentor’s Name: Dr. Gautam Kalyatanda
Email: gautam.kalyatanda@medicine.ufl.edu
Phone Number: (631) 681-6888
Project Category: Chart Review
International Component or Travel: No

Research Project Description:
Nontuberculous Mycobacteria(NTM) are environmental pathogens whose incidence is increasing in some parts of the country. Some of the NTMs are extremely difficult to treat as they are resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents. We will conduct a chart review of patients who were diagnosed with NTMs during the past two years
Role of a medical student: A chart review


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